Sunday, May 24, 2020
Essay And Article On : Our Cultural Heritage !! March 24, 2012 By parm Leave a Comment inShare India Is A Unique Cultural Heritage !! A safe and secure society is needed for blossoming of arts and sciences. India has a rich cultural heritage. Though it has been subjected to a series of cultural invasions, yet it has retained its originality and traditional character even after absorbing the best of the external influences. India is the cradle of one of the earliest civilizations of the world Ã¢â¬â the Indus Valley Civilization. Essay And Article On : Our Cultural Heritage !! Cultural Heritage India is rich in spiritual aspect and we should not fall prey to the ill-effects of western culture. For thinking minds to blossom for arts andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Indian music is based on the concept of ragas and talas. There are two major schools of classical music Ã¢â¬â the Carnatic and the Hindustani. Indian musicians like Bhimsen Joshi, M.S. Subhalakshmi, Kishori Amonkar, Pt. Ã¢â¬ËJasraj, Ustad Amjad Ali Khan, Ustad Bismillah Khan, Ustad Zakir Hussain, Pt. Ravi Shankar and others have popularized our music in India and abroad. Dance in India has an unbroken tradition of over 2,000 years. Its themes are derived from mythology, legends and classical literature. There are two Cultural Heritagemain forms of dances in India. These are folk dance and classical dance. They are not simply the movement of legs and arms, but of the whole body. Most of the classical dances were first conceivedÃ¢â¬â¢ and nurturedÃ¢â¬â¢ in the temples. They attained their full stature there. Classical dance forms are based on ancient dance discipline. Most of the Indian classical dance styles are depicted on the walls and pillars of the famous Indian temples. Music, dance and drama have been an integral part of Indian religious and secular life. Some well-known classical dancers are: Sanjukta Panigrahi, Sonal Man Singh, Birju Maharaj. Gopi Krishnan, Guru Bipin Sinha, Javeri Sisters, Kelucharan Mahapatra, etc. India has a rich literary heritage. India also has a rich regional literature. Regional literature in fact, has often contributed to the Fostering of a national identity and a national culture. India has always been a linguistically diverse community. Even in theShow MoreRelatedCorporate Structure of Yamaha23785 Words Ã |Ã 96 PagesInitiatives at Offices Management of Water Resources Effective Use and Conservation of Water Resources Waste Management Waste Reduction and Resource Recycling Environmentally Friendly Products and Services Environmentally Friendly Products Conserving Wood Resources Environmental Communication Environmental Risk Management Environmental Education and Training Environmental Data (Environmental Data)Yamaha Group(1) (Environmental Data)Yamaha Group(2) (Environmental Data)Resort Facilities
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
According to Dictionary.com, the word Ã¢â¬Å"responsibilityÃ¢â¬ means Ã¢â¬Å"the state or fact of being answerable or accountable.Ã¢â¬ Responsibility is related to the roles of the particular individuals and groups. Role is defined as an expected behavior in a given individual social status and social position. For one person, he will have different responsibilities when he is at different roles. For example, someone should take the responsibility as a father when he is in a family. He should be responsible as being an employee when he is working in a company. Responsibility can be classified as obvious responsibility and obscure responsibility. Obvious responsibility regards as the responsibility which is clearly stated. For example, when an authorityÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Gen. Mitchell H. Stevenson, Deputy Chief of Staff of the Army for Logistics, G-4 If soldiers werenÃ¢â¬â¢t held accountable for property that they were issued, no one would have anything. All soldiers are issued gear which they will need either down range or in the rear. Thus they need to know where their equipment is. So they can use this equipment when they go to a range to qualify, or rucking over ten miles. Little things such as canteens, PT belts, or even gloves can help so much when that soldier needs it. But when it comes down to sensitive items, soldiers are liable for them especially when it can mean life or death. Property accountability comes down to one simple fact, if itÃ¢â¬â¢s gone, youÃ¢â¬â¢re screwed. Until you can find it, you canÃ¢â¬â¢t just stand around and wait for it to show up again. Soldiers who lose items will have to eventually pay up to the Army. They even face the fact they will lose money for something that could they shouldÃ¢â¬â¢ve been able to prevent from being lost in the first place. Soldiers cannot afford to lose property, especially soldiers who are brand new to a unit or just coming out of basic training and advance individual training. When these new soldiers lose such items, they will be held accountable and they will be branded as someone who doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t keep track of what theyÃ¢â¬â¢re doing. Plus they just started their own career, even if they donÃ¢â¬â¢t plan on staying in the Army. It isShow MoreRelatedImprotance of Accountability Essay633 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesTHE IMPORTANCE OF ACCOUNTABILITY IN THE ARMY AND THE POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE IMPACT IT CAN HAVE. By: SGT Looper, Harley Whether you are dealing with property or personnel, proper accountability is of the greatest importance in the Army. Having proper accountability can make or break your mission. As an NCO one of my main responsibilities is the accomplishment of my mission. Knowing where my soldiers and my equipment are will help me to succeed in accomplishing that mission. There are many things thatRead MoreThe Importance of Maintaining Accountability for Equipment Essay examples630 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe Importance of Maintaining Accountability for Equipment Accountability, what is accountability and what does it mean? The definition found on the website dictionary.com states: 1. The state of being accountable, liable, or answerable. / 2. Education. A policy of holding schools and teachers accountable for studentÃ¢â¬â¢s academic progress by linking progress with funding for salaries, maintenance, etc. Now you may ask yourself Ã¢â¬Å"What kind of fucking vague ass definition is this?Ã¢â¬ at least I did whenRead MoreThe Importance of Accountability and Responsibility in the United States Army1014 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Importance of Accountability and Responsibility in the United States Army The following essay is definitions, and examples of how responsibility, accountability and time management are important to succeeding in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s Army. Responsibility is increased when soldiers have a single, clear set of rules that apply to a specific event. When the guidelines are unclear, or when more than one set of rules seems to apply to an event, responsibility is decreased. Responsibility is: the obligationRead MoreImportatnce of Accountability1722 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Importance Of Proper Accountability AR-735-5 defines Accountability as the obligation of a person to keep records of property, documents, or funds. These records show identification data, gains, losses, dues-in, dues-out, and balances on hand or in use. In my own words Accountability is one s personal responsibility to track and maintain property that is entering, or leaving your possession. Why is accountability important to the Army? Accountability is a very important part of anRead MoreAccountability1319 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe reader of accountability, the duties of NCOs, and failure to report. Websters dictionary describes accountability as Ã¢â¬Å"the state of being accountable, liable, or answerableÃ¢â¬ and the DOD describes it as Ã¢â¬Å"The obligation imposed by law or lawful order or regulation on an officer or other person for keeping accurate record of property, documents, or funds. The person having this obligation may or may not have actual possession of the property, documents, or funds. Accountability is concerned primarilyRead MoreEssay on What Is Accountability in the Army1347 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhat is accountability and the definition: (DOD) The obligation imposed by law or lawful order or regulation on an officer or other person for keeping accurate record of property, documents, or funds. The person having this obligation may or may not have actual possession of the property, documents, or funds. Accountability is concerned primarily with records, while responsibility is concerned primarily with custody, care, and safekeeping. Why is accountability important to the Army? AccountabilityRead MoreAccountability and the Importance of Taking Care of Your Equipment608 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAccountability and the Importance of Taking Care of Your Equipment Accountability stems from late Latin accomptare, meaning to account. Accountability in the military is the obligation imposed by law or lawful order or regulation on an officer or other person for keeping accurate record of property, documents, or funds. The person having this obligation may or may not have actual possession of the property, documents, or funds. Accountability is concerned primarily with records, while responsibilityRead MorePersonal Responsibility And Accountability : Accountability1692 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPersonal Responsibility and Accountability Accountability a word that is most often used and has several meanings, to give an example is responsibility, blameworthiness, liability and other terms. Accountability can be used in many places such as work, home and even on a battle field, it can also be used for little things for instance taking a piece of paper from one destination to another; you are responsible for that piece of paper its condition and whether or not it gets to its destination. OrRead MoreProposed Changes Of Leases And Their Recognition On The Balance Sheet1012 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesregarding leases and their recognition on the balance sheet, has been released in an exposure draft ED 242 by Australian Accounting Standards Board, otherwise referred to as AASB. The purpose of these proposed changes aims to bring transparency and accountability to these reports prepared by Australian companies. Leasing Ã¢â¬Å"is a means of gaining access to assets, of obtaining finance, and of reducing an entityÃ¢â¬â¢s exposure to the risks of asset ownership.Ã¢â¬ (AASB Exposure Draft, 2013). This means provides investorsRead MoreWhat Is the Importance of Accountability in the Military and in the Work Place?1461 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhat is the importance of accountability in the military and in the work place? What is accountability by definition: (Department Of Defense) The obligation imposed by law or lawful order or regulation on an officer or other person for keeping accurate record of property, documents, or funds. The person having this obligation may or may not have actual possession of the property, documents, or funds. Accountability is concerned primarily with records, while responsibility is concerned primarily with
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
string(135) " Skills It is the responsibility of the human resource manager to produce a well trained and motivated work force in the organization\." Introduction TASK 1: PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL SKILLS REVIEW This assignment will examine my personal and professional skills through my own evaluation and assessment of my colleagues. The purpose of the assessment is to identify my weaknesses and strengths. It also helps in identifying some techniques to improve and enhance my skills. We will write a custom essay sample on Study of Professional development for strategic managers or any similar topic only for you Order Now This will be analysed through the accomplishment of personal audit. Activity 1: Personal Skills Review Stress Management According to Lazarus and Folkman (1984) stress is a result of the imbalance between demands and resources or when pressure exceeds oneÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to cope. Stress management was developed on the idea that stress is not the result of a stressor but rather on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s capability to cope and the ability to respond to it. Also, if the person possesses or can use adequate coping skills, then stress may not actually be a result or develop because of the stressor. In my personal experience, I have learned to face damaging challenges at home and in the workplace. When I am anxious I think of some activities to help release the tension. I exercise regularly. Regular physical activity is very effective in fighting stress. There are a lot of physical activities that is very effective in distressing. I just choose a particular activity that suits my personality otherwise it will just add to the heavy load of emotional burden. I find some activities like jogging, brisk walking, cycling and aerobics dancing fun and enjoyable when participated with people I am comfortable to be with. My other ways of fighting stress and anxiety is to be in the company with happy people. According to Hargreaves, (1998) stress is expensive. Stress related illness leads towards the increase of financial cost. For example when I become sick due to stress related illness at work, my medication was shouldered by the management. I was also paid with my whole salary during the period that I was absent from work. These are one of the cases where stress related illness added cost for the company. . Time Management . Manktelow (2006) writes that the starting point for effective time management is to set priorities. When I am faced with a variety of choices competing for my attention and time I prioritize things because it will help me decide which path to take. Setting my goals help me identify and focus on my priorities that help me evaluate what needs to be done first. By doing this, I can do things easily and use time effectively. Susan Ward (2011) has pointed out five (5) time management techniques which I have practiced. These are: Recognize you canÃ¢â¬â¢t do it all: I decide what roles and activities are important. The important thing is, I am happy and healthy the way I am spending my time. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t force myself into doing things I donÃ¢â¬â¢t like to please other people. Prioritize: I plan things and review my list of what to do on a particular day and what things that must be done. I give attention on the most important activity on hand. Learn to say Ã¢â¬Å"YesÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"NoÃ¢â¬ : When I am ask to commit on something, I would say Ã¢â¬Å"noÃ¢â¬ if I really canÃ¢â¬â¢t and Ã¢â¬Å"yesÃ¢â¬ if itÃ¢â¬â¢s equally important to me. Unplug: There are times when itÃ¢â¬â¢s important or useful not to Ã¢â¬Å"be connectedÃ¢â¬ all the time. Recognize what situation must be given attention and disregard things that appear to be nuisance. Take time off: Weekend is my personal and family day. If I need to be with my family, I set time for them. I also allow myself to take some refreshing time alone with my friends. Good time management helps me control my time and life. I have maintained a balanced work and personal activities. This gave me flexibility in dealing with challenges in life and respond to new opportunities. Assertiveness Winstanley (2005) wrote that assertiveness is expressing your needs, your wants, opinions, feelings and beliefs and get these met in direct, honest and subtle way. It is also respecting the needs of the other party. Though I speak out my opinion at times, it will only come out as that because I donÃ¢â¬â¢t assert enough to get what I want. In my experience, my promotion to Human Resource Management Officer II, at the Human Resource Department of the Livelihood Corporation was delayed because I was too shy to ask my manager to send me to a one week external training program. I was not able to attend the scheduled training program and had to wait for months for it to be conducted again.I eventually got promoted only after 6 months of waiting. It could be much earlier if I had been assertive. According to Cooper (2008), there are some techniques that can provide you with the opportunity to slide up or slide down in an attempt to assert your personal views or opinion: To Slide Down: This is being able to communicate our feelings and thoughts in an open and direct way, showing respect of the rights and feelings of others and them to respect our own. Empathy: It understands the depth of another personÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings. Active listening: It is giving importance to the other personÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view. Focus on facts and issues (not the person): Being objective and not subjective Good quality questions: Ask questions relative to the issue Being non-emotional: Being professional in dealing with the matter To Slide Up:Is defined as showing rage, aggressive body language and forcing other people to do what you want. Body and hand language: shows aggressiveness Eye contact: insisting and compelling Facial expressions: indicates dominance Pace, tone and volume of speech: argumentative Directness of language: no respect Assertiveness is a mutual and open exchange of views and understanding. The slide down technique must be used all the time when assertiveness is needed to be projected in dealing with other people in common circumstances. Activity 2: Professional Skills Review Coaching Skills It is the responsibility of the human resource manager to produce a well trained and motivated work force in the organization. EmployeesÃ¢â¬â¢ knowledge and skills needs to be continuously improved to perform productively to achieve personal and organizational goals. . Maharlika, Complex is a subsidiary of the Livelihood Corporation, a government owned and controlled corporation. The company is engaged in providing financial aid to farmers and help these farmers sell their agricultural goods in the market. The employees of Maharlika Complex.,are monitoring the progress of the vendors (farmers) in the market to ensure that these farmers will be able to pay the loaned amount from the company. This is the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s way of helping small farmers augment their living, helping them financially from planting to selling their products. Counselling and mentoring are conducted by Maharlika employees to the farmers and vendors. More of the counselling was given to farmers whose plantations were devastated by natural disaster. It helps to motivate them cultivate their lands to have better produce. The employees were effective in their counselling skills and able to uplift the self-esteem of the farmers. They are good in counselling because they were trained and coached how to do it professionally by their mentors. Having worked at the Livelihood Corporation, I have observed how the project manager of Maharlika Complex effectively exercises her coaching style. She has the ability to communicate with people well with good understanding to varying traits and attitude of each individual working for the company. The manager has effectively managed to apply the coaching cycle of Cooper (2008), in her attempt to teach the staff with new skills and learning as ways of motivating them to perform at their best. The Coaching Cycle The cycle starts with telling the employees of what, how and why a particular task needs to be done. Showing how a task should be done is optional, giving the person the leeway to perform in his own convenience and style. In order for the employees to be competent and confident to do or start a new task, they are given the opportunity to practice what has been learned through coaching. The manager coach then monitors and observes the performance level of each individual and assess in what areas there is a need to be improved. After assessment a constructive feedback is facilitated where the discussion between the coach and the individual is light and a two-way process. According to Armstrong, S. and Mitchell, B. (2008) employees want mentoring in two areas: (1) the skill they need to succeed in the job and (2) the skills they need to build a satisfying career. The skills they need to succeed in the job are mentored through on going training and development where the professional experience of the manager is applied in one-on-one coaching.The new employees of Maharlika Complex were closely monitored by their mentors who know the job they were doing, and willing to take them by the hand then teach and lead them to a new defined skill for future career advancement. It stimulates enthusiasm and energy so that the employees keep moving forward towards their goals (Merlevede, P.E. and Bridoux,D.C, 2004). Leadership Skills In the writings of Hersey and Blanchard (n.d.) a Participative Leader seeks to involve other people in the process, including subordinates, peers, and superior. Often, however, as it is within the managersÃ¢â¬â¢ whim to give or deny control to his or her subordinates, most participative activity is within the immediate team. The question of how much influence others are given thus may vary on the managerÃ¢â¬â¢s preferences and beliefs, and a whole spectrum of participation is possible. The department managers of Maharlika Complex exercised different styles of leadership in their assigned areas. In the case of the Project Manager he has been very successful in being slightly autocratic because he has the full knowledge of how a task or project is to be accomplished.The project manager is not over using his capacity by controlling every movement of his subordinates. He listens to some suggestionsand even considered implementation of the suggestion if found to be beneficial for the project, the department and the organization as a whole. The human resource manager in the other hand projects a participative leadership where she as the manager shared leadership with the staff members. This gives employees the feeling of satisfaction when some responsibilities are placed in their care. Shared leadership is like a partnership between the manager and the employees for the purposes of developing a motivated and co-operative working environment. The management of Maharlika Complex is developing employees that have potentials to become good leaders. Some of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s employees have the leadership skills.The managers are encouraging these people to work hard and develop their leadership skills not only for their personal and professional growth but also for the benefit of the company. Regular counselling was conducted to boost the self-esteem of the employees. An effective counselling eliminates an undesirable behavioural aspect of an individual and creates a positive attitudinal character. Good leaders have confidence and the natural characteristic of influencing other people. These leadership skills are being taught by the managers to their staff for them to develop to become good mentors and leaders in the future. The management of Maharlika has adapted the 7 steps to ensure an effective mentoring relationship as researched by Merlevede and Bridoux (2003). The following steps are: first step is Ã¢â¬Å"choosing a protegeÃ¢â¬ where the leader chooses to mentor a person because the leader knows there is a lot of potential present in that person. second step is Ã¢â¬Å"connectingÃ¢â¬ , where the mentor and the protege would establish relationship skills, and rapport to ensure that mentoring will run smoothly. third step is Ã¢â¬Å"outlining the relationshipÃ¢â¬ that once certain level of trust is achieved the mentor figures out what the mentoring will be about. fourth step is Ã¢â¬Å"getting to the bottom of itÃ¢â¬ where the mentor identifies what might have caused for a protege from achieving goals and then to take some actions for the protege to come close to the goal. fifth step is Ã¢â¬Å"concrete actionÃ¢â¬ where the mentor sees the protege taking his own destiny in his own hands and not relying or depending on his mentor. sixth step is Ã¢â¬Å"following upÃ¢â¬ where the mentor can ask questions to the protege to know how the mentoring was absorbed. seventh step is Ã¢â¬Å"get out of the wayÃ¢â¬ is the period in time for the mentor and the protege to part ways letting the protege to loose and ready to face new challenges on his own. Multi-tasking Skill Multi-tasking is the ability of an individual to perform multiple tasks all at the same time. It is not only limited to the managers to do multi tasking, but it is also performed by the people from the ranks. It is performing loads of tasks in a limited period of time. To get better results and output from an individual performing multi task, he should be prepared and willing to do the job, well trained to perform it, and he must love to do it. Only a motivated individual can successfully accomplish and produce good output from loads of responsibilities placed on his shoulder. Otherwise, if the management will assign multiple tasks to an individual who is half hearted to perform it, the quality of the results will suffer. Maharlika Complex once implemented multi tasking when the management decided to stream down the workforce. The employees were given the option if they wanted to stay or settle for early retirement. Most of the older personnel opted to be paid off. The jobs they left were distributed to the employees who stayed. The personnel manager looks into the job function of each employee and distributed these jobs to employees having the same function. In this case, the employee did not find it difficult to perform because of its similar skill needed to perform the task. Adjustment was made and eventually the multi tasking works. It saved time and cost and the employees were motivated to work efficiently because the managers themselves were also performing the same. There was little mentoring done on the employees that were left behind. It is because the new tasks that were added to their responsibility were similar or hold the same function with the task they perform.The counselling and mentoring were concentrated on how to manage their time effectively and deal with stress. The counselling was intensive because of the additional workload added to their responsibility. A group counselling was conducted twice a month to ease tension and stress for the employees doing the multi-tasking. As part of the counselling session, a time management seminar was also conducted. It is to help employees identify goals and learn to prioritize activities to get things done effectively. They were also counselled and mentored to keep diaries of planned activities to avoid missing important tasks. With the effective counselling technique the employees of Maharlika Complex were motivated and committed to the tasks assigned to them. Mentorship was also emphasized to develop the leadership potential of the employees. TASK 2: PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING This group activity will help me and my co-group members to identify our strengths and weaknesses and analyse what should be done in order to enhance and develop our personal and professional skills. We will listen to each of our experiences told and give our insights to help each other in achieving our personal aspirations in life. Activity 1: Personal Audit A. Group sharing on Professional and Personal Life Experiences I have discussed and shared with my group my professional and personal success and failures in life and they gave their comments and suggestions how to develop and enhance my skills based on their personal assessment on my experience. My co-group members Hina and Hanushka have their own personal suggestions on how I would be able to enhance my strengths and develop my weaknesses. To enhance my skill in time management they have suggested that I should continue to focus on each important planned activity. In this way I will be able to accomplish what is needed to be done and will still have time to do other important matters. We have also discussed on my lack of confidence to assert to get the things I want or to achieve. They have suggested that: I should build my confidence; I should learn to exercise my rights; I should be firm; I should not be intimidated; and I should know the relevance and importance on what I am asserting for. Another professional skill that I have to enhance is my coaching ability. I know that in some situations I am able to get the attention of the people I am given instructions to. They learn easily what was taught of them because I was patient enough to guide them step by step on what to do. My co-group members have suggested that I should attend some coaching trainings in order for me to get the techniques to enhance my skill. B. PERSONAL AUDIT QUESTIONNAIRE Please tick the appropriate option on the following rating scale (1-5) 1 being the weakest and 5 being the strongest. 1) I lack confidence in expressing my needs. 1___2___3___4___5___ 2) I manage time effectively. 1___2___3___4___5___ 3) I am not confident to lead. 1___2___3___4___5___ 4) I cope with stress well. 1___2___3___4___5___ 5) I manage a number of tasks well. 1___2___3___4___5___ 6) I do not have confidence to give presentations. 1___2___3___4___5___ 7) I am patient when imparting knowledge and skills to others. 1___2___3___4___5___ 8) I do not have confident to influence others. 1___2___3___4___5___ 9) I motivate people to perform. 1___2___3___4___5___ 10) I do not direct people to do tasks. 1)___ 2___3___4___5___ C. Professional and Personal Audit(1 is weakest ; 5 is strongest) Based on the personal assessment made by two persons on my personal and professional skills it was identified that I lack assertiveness. I had to develop my confidence to express what I want and develop my skills to lead effectively. It also shows my capability to coach and the strengths I have in time and stress management. If I develop my confidence and assertiveness, I know I will be able to overcome my weakness when it comes to leadership and assertiveness. I should take some time to reflect on what to do first to proceed with the learning process to achieve my objective. The learning style I am adapting is the Reflectors Style. I am comfortable with this kind of learning because it gives me the opportunity to reflect on the information I get and compare to my personal experiences. I will get some techniques on how to assert by collecting informative reading materials. Watching video on personality development will also be considered to improve my confidence. Getting feedback from a friend will also help me in my learning process to gain confidence. Activity 2: Progression Plan A. Personal SWOT Analysis As a result of making this analysis I can give emphasis on my strengths and focus on remedies to overcome my weaknesses. This will aid me in taking possible advantage of the opportunities at hand. B. Development Plan Skills Audit: Identifying Areas to Improve In order to attain my goals, I have to strengthen my leadership skills. I need to improve my cognitive ability, strategic thinking, analytical ability, ability to delegate and influence, ability to learn from experiences and the ability to build technical competence. Developing my confidence is also a way to become assertive and stand up to get what I want. To aid me in achieving this, I had to adapt the Reflector Style of Learning, one of the learning styles identified by Honey and Mumford (2008). This type of learning suits my personality. To develop my learning ability, I collect data, review and think carefully before making any conclusion or decision. I learn more by observing others, listening to their views and reflecting their leadership techniques. I had to follow this learning style technique suggested by Honey and Mumford below: Observing individuals or groups at work Ã¢â¬â Observing on what good leaders do and reflecting what I need to do to improve. Reviewing what has happened and thinking about what they have learned Ã¢â¬â This is learning through experience and reflect what to do next to improve. Producing analyses and reports doing tasks without tight deadlines Ã¢â¬â Evaluate the observations I made and do the things learned through observation to improve develop skills. As part of my personal development plan I will consider the suggestions of Corttrell (2003) to make a structured process of reflection in order to develop my understanding on myself, my choices, what I want to achieve, how to plan and how to take action on improving my work. This will help me reflect on my weaknesses and think of better ways to minimize them. Trough reflection I will be able to: Make sense out of experience: this will help me learn and develop my skills in leadership and assertiveness Standing back : being observant and not in the midst of the activity to see the level of confidence of the people around Repetition: practice to assert on small things first to gradually develop confidence Deeper honesty: admitting my flaws and work to rectify them Weighing up: help me evaluate the advantages of being assertive and disadvantages of being submissive. Clarity: review activities done will help me see things clearly not only on my success but on my failed plans because of being non-assertive. Understanding: I will be able learn things in a deeper level like gaining insights through reflector style of learning Making judgement: reflection aids me in deciding things whether to assert or not. This plan will be carried out by me as a guide to develop my personal and professional skills. The Monitoring Process Through monitoring my progress I should be able to know if my planned activities for the realization of my aims are achieved. It will help me recognize if my learning style applied to achieve my goals is effective. A monitoring device to determine my progress is provided. I will solicit feedback from my colleagues, coaches and mentors. Monitoring progress on learning goals BIBLIOGRAPHY BOOKS Armstrong, S. and Mitchell, B., 2008. The Essential HR Handbook. USA:Book-mart Press Cooper,S., 2008. Brilliant Leader. Great Britain:Pearson Education Ltd Cottrell, S. 2003. Skills for Success. New York:Palgrave Macmillan Hargreaves, G., 1998. Stress Management. The Essential Guide to Thinking and Working Smarter. London:Marshal Publishing Lazarus, R. and Folkman, S. 1984. Psychological Stress and Coping Process. New York:Springer Publishing Company:ISBN:0826141919 Manktelow, J., 2006. Manage Your Time. London:DK Merlevede, P.E. and Bridoux, D.C., 2004. Mastering Mentoring and Coaching with Emotional Intelligence. Wales:Crown House Publishing Ltd. Winstanley, D., 2005. Personal Effectiveness. London:CIPD WEBSITE 1.Wikipedia (2010). Stress Appraisal and Coping. 8 April 2011: www.uk.ask.com/wiki/stress_management. 2.www.spiritize.blogspot.com/2007/05/assertiveness-training.html. Notes to Self-Assertiveness 3.Hersey and Blanchard (n.d) Chairing Meetings.03 March 2011 4.http://www.blessingwhite.com/helping_others_succeed_gc.asp?gclid=CIjlpMyY46cCFQod4QoduBCv9A Helping Others Succeed:successful coaching Relationships are Custom Built 5.www.davidbonham-carter.com/assertiveness-training-book.html. Chairing Meetings 6. www.coachingnetwork.org.uk/resourcecentre/whatarecoachingandmentoring.html 7.Ward, S. (2011).Time Management.8 April 2011: www.sbinfocanada.about.com/od/timemanagement/a/getmoretime.htm 8.www.changingminds.org/discipline/leadership/styles/participative_leadership.html. How to cite Study of Professional development for strategic managers, Essay examples
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
A look at the book by J.D. Salinger called Franny and Zooey. This paper examines the religious experiences of the main characters of the novel Franny and Zooey by J.D. Salinger. Franny claims to have a sort of revelation Jesus Prayer in the beginning of the book and this is mocked by her brother Zooey. This paper first examines what is the Jesus Prayer. It then goes on to examine why and J.D. Salinger uses it in his novel and how it functions in the novel. It also explores the nature of religious experience as revealed by the characters and actions of Franny and Zooey. From the paper: Zooey cannot see how Frannys use of the Jesus Prayer the prayer that left her at the end of the first section lying exhausted and hungry, staring at the ceiling of the managers office in a restaurant, her lips moving is a religious experience. We will write a custom essay sample on The Jesus Prayer or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page (41-44) However, this paper will assert that contrary to what Zooey states, Franny has had a religious experience in the first part of the book. It is perhaps not quite a religious experience as defined on Zooeys terms, nor the sort of religious experience Franny herself believes she has had, before she has the confrontation with her brother. But it is religious none the less. This is because her use of the Jesus prayer, misguided as it is, brings both Franny and her brother to a kind of appreciation and acceptance of the world that they did not have at the beginning of the novel.
Thursday, April 2, 2020
Racial Profiling The great era of civil rights started in the 1960s, with Martin Luther King, Jr.'s stirring "I have a Dream" speech at the historic march on Washington in August of 1963. At the same time Birmingham Police Commissioner "Bull" Connor used powerful fire hoses and vicious police attack dogs against nonviolent black civil rights activists. Although these years proved to be the highlight and downfall of civil rights in America, even with the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voting Rights Act being passed, time has repeated these tumultuous events again in the present. Racial profiling has been one of many civil rights issues concerning the unnecessary stopping and arresting of people based on race, color, ethnicity and gender. Skin-color has become evidence of the propensity to commit crime, and police use this "evidence" against minority drivers on the road all the time. This practice is so common that the minority community has given it the derisive term, "Driving While Black or Brown" ? a play on the real offense of "driving while intoxicated". Although many law enforcement officers defend themselves by saying they are fighting against the "War on Drugs" by arresting these law offenders, recent trials and reports show that no basis of arrest have been found against these minorities. Official skin-color prejudice is still reflected throughout the criminal justice system. Today, skin-color makes you a suspect in America. It makes you more likely to be stopped by a law enforcement officer, more likely to be searched, and more likely to be arrested and imprisoned. Tens of thousands of innocent motorists on highways across the country are victims of racial profiling, and these discriminatory police stops have reached epidemic proportions in recent years. Fueled by the "War on Drugs", this fight has given police a pretext to target people who they think fit a "drug courier" or "gang member" profile. At many times, these minorities have been stopped and arrested for illegal offenses, however we are not sure if these stories have been filed truthfully by law enforcement officers. Many police departments face issues concerning racist law enforcement officers who cause the problems of racial profiling. One such example comes from the Hillside Police Department, where several racial bias charges have been made against them. Racial slurs have become common in the Hillside district, where even the department supervisor does background checks on minorities IN the squad, even to kick them off the squad. In this department, only two officers are Hispanic and one is of African decent. The officers, many of whom are white, are encouraged to target minorities first to fill their ticket quotas for the month. Hillside officers defend themselves saying that Hillside is 40 percent black and 20 percent Hispanic. However, the actions taken by Hillside officer, such as targeting to fill quotas and background checking, seem disconcerting. The Reverend Jesse Jackson even needed to call for federal protection for whistleblowing police officers. Because of the Law Enforcement Trust and Integrity Act, passed this year, other officials who witness this discriminating act are protected. It says, "The identity of a law enforcement officer who complains in food faith to a government agency or department about the unlawful practices of a law enforcement agency shall remain confidential and shall not be disclosed by any person except upon the knowing written consent of the law enforcement officer. This section shall not preempt any right of confrontation protected by the Constitution of by Federal, State or tribal law." In many cases, we can not determine whether the racial profiling comes from the individual law enforcer, or the department itself. Many policies have been suggested to either report these discriminatory acts, or to record the ethnicity, race, or gender of the person being stopped. However, without the correct supervision of these officers, we can not truthfully tell whether these policies will be followed. There have been bills proposed to even make the slightest positive effect on racial profiling, yet many have been overlooked. Former California Governor Pete Wilson served as best he could to fight key civil rights issues such as affirmative action and immigrant rights, however Governor Gray Davis has had a disappointing civil rights record. Although he has helped establish new civil rights gains for the lesbian and gay communities, he has also vetoed a number of bills aimed at reducing discrimination against communities of color and immigrants. SB 44, a bill sponsored by Senator Richard Polanco, encourages state and local governments to conduct outreach programs. SB 44 had bipartisan support and was previously endorsed by former
Sunday, March 8, 2020
Othello Act 4 Scene 3 Essays Othello Act 4 Scene 3 Paper Othello Act 4 Scene 3 Paper At the beginning of this scene Othello does not engage in conversation with Desdemona, he simply tells her to go to bed. Get to bed on thinstant; I will be returned forthwith. Dismiss your attendant there. Lookt be done. Here we can notice Othellos use of imperatives; this implies that he has lost all respect for Desdemona. The audience know why he has lost respect for her however; she is completely oblivious to the accusations being made behind her back. Shakespeare is presenting her as a tragic figure as she has no idea what she has done wrong and is falsely accused. Inevitably, she will loose the man she loves and her own life due a complete lie. There is a terrible poignancy in almost every line that Desdemona utters in this scene. Shakespeare has portrayed Desdemona as a tragic figure as even though Othello has treated her terribly she still wants to please him. We must not now displease him. Desdemona is respectful and faithful towards her husband and continues to be so even after his terrible behaviour. No, unpin me here. Here Desdemona realises she is more vulnerable in her night clothes. Shakespeare is showing that Desdemona undressing is like her removing her armour. This gives the audience a sense of foreboding as it seems like Desdemona is aware of what is to come. Desdemona speaks to Emilia about the Willow song this reflects her own sadness and points to her own death. She feels abandoned as she sings and is aware of her impending death. This shows Desdemona as tragic as she knows what is going to happen inevitably however she still does not know why. The Willow song is a dramatic device as willows symbolise disappointed love, which is exactly what she is experiencing. She is anxious and her tale of her mothers maid and willow song foreshadows her own death. The willow scene relaxes the tension comparative quietness and calm before the storm of the last scene. The song reinforces the melancholy atmosphere and prepares us for the tragic outcome; in the song the woman refuses to blame her lover and approves his scorn. Desdemona is a complete contrast to the woman who stood up to her father in defence of Othello; she now seems weak and unable to defend herself. In Act 2 Scene 1 Desdemona dismisses Iagos remarks as old bar-room jokes. These are old fond paradoxes to makes fools laugh ithalehouse. That miserable praise hast thou her thats foul and foolish? Here Desdemona is engaging Iago in debate. She is standing up for herself and what she believes in; this is tragic as the audience can see a clear change in Desdemonas personality. Let nobody blame him; his scorn I approve Nay, thats not next. Hark, who ist that knocks? Here Desdemona has added a line to the song suggesting that she is nervous and on the edge. Emilia and Desdemona continue to talk and they are discussing the act of committing adultery, Desdemona says she would not do such a wrong thing. Emilia argues that mens treatment of their wives is often the cause of womens falling. She states that women have desires and weaknesses just as much as men. Men should beware or women will learn from how they are abused to abuse them. However, Desdemona perseveres in her view and shows Emilia and the audience that she would rather learn to improve from, rather than copy and abuse. Here we see the complete contrast in characters. Desdemona is completely faithful to Othello which makes their situation all the more tragic. Emilia does not seem phased by being unfaithful whereas Desdemona is shocked by this idea. That there be women do abuse their husbands in such gross kind? She is appalled by this idea and this adds to the fact that she is completely innocent. Desdemonas fate is unfair and unearned, yet she is the tragic female heroine who ends up being sacrificed to satisfy the fates. Aristotle taught that tragedy is composed of six elements: plot-structure, character, style, spectacle, and lyric poetry. The characters in a tragedy are merely a means of driving the story; and the plot, is the chief focus of tragedy. It is the imitation of action arousing pity and fear, and is meant to affect the catharsis of those same emotions. In Aristotles definition of tragedy Shakespeare has definitely portrayed Desdemona as a tragic figure. If the characters are a means of driving the story then the play wouldnt have a plot if it werent for Desdemona. Othello, Desdemona and Iago are the three main characters involved to form the plot along with others. The plot is the chief focus of tragedy therefore Desdemona is playing part in creating the tragedy for the play. S. N. Garner elucidates Desdemonas character, maintaining that Shakespeare carefully balanced the other characters accounts of her as goddess or whore to present a complex portrait. Othellos sensual view is countered by Brabantios idealized concept in Act 1 and Roderigo and Cassios romanticized vision is opposed by Iagos coarse innuendo in Act 2. Garner then points out that Desdemonas liveliness and assertiveness are confirmed by her marriage to Othello and that these positive traits become a fatal. Here we can see that Garner believes that eventually Desdemonas traits became fatal to her character. This links in with Aristotles definition of tragedy as he also says that their downfall is caused by a series of bad choices caused by tragic flaws in their character. This could suggest that it is partly Desdemonas character that has increased the tragedy between Othello and herself.
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Richard Wright's view about religion (according to the book, Black Boy) - Essay Example In an effort to ascertain WrightÃ¢â¬â¢s overarching perspective on religion, this essay considers the development of WrightÃ¢â¬â¢s views on religion throughout his autobiography. WrightÃ¢â¬â¢s first confrontation with religion comes as a direct consequence of his going to live with his grandmother after leaving the orphanage. Up until this point Wright has made no attempt to gain overt sympathy from the reader, and indicates a number of uncouth actions that he participated in as a youth, including frequent cursing. Upon moving in with his grandmother the reader witnesses the confrontation of these two cultural perspectives. It is no surprise then that WrightÃ¢â¬â¢s early views of religion are an oppressive and overly restrictive oppressive system. Even as Wright enjoys the rural environment that surrounds his grandmotherÃ¢â¬â¢s home, he openly rejects the restrictive internal environment. While one of the initial restrictions that Wright objects to occurs in regards to his grandmotherÃ¢â¬â¢s belief that the only thing that should be read is the Bible, perhaps WrightÃ¢â¬â¢s first-outward objection to the religious restrictions is through the symboli c utterance of a curse word while he was taking a bath. Throughout the novel there are a series of such restrictions that function to characterize religion as an oppressive belief system, further articulating WrightÃ¢â¬â¢s views on the subject. For instance, Richard is unable to work on Saturdays because his grandmother so strictly follows religious principles; similarly, he is forced to become baptized in chapter 6 Ã¢â¬â after which Richard tells the others that were baptized that he feels no different after the ceremony. At the age of twelve, before I had had one full year of formal schooling, I had . . . a conviction that the meaning of living came only when one was struggling to wring a meaning out of meaningless suffering. At the age of twelve I had an attitude toward life that was to